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Linux下Redis数据库的安装方法与自动启动脚本分享

PHP admin 12个月前 (06-08) 6次浏览 未收录 0个评论

安装Redis

(1) 下载Redis

wget http://redis.googlecode.com/files/redis-2.2.11.tar.gz
tar xzvf redis-2.2.11.tar.gz

(2) 编译并安装Redis

make && make install

(3) 复制并修改配置文件

cp redis.conf /etc/redis.conf
vi /etc/redis.conf

注意修改以下几项:

daemonize yes
loglevel warning
logfile /var/log/redis.log
maxmemory 2GB

(自行斟酌是不要开通Virtual Memory选项)

(4) 设置Redis-Server自动启动服务

上网下载启动脚本(gist.github.com,搜索redis init.d),并简单修改

(至少需要修改redis、REDIS_CONF_FILE)

vi /etc/init.d/redisctl
chmod 755 redisctl
cp /etc/init.d/redisctl /etc/rc.d/init.d/redisctl 
&& ln -s /etc/init.d/redisctl /etc/rc.d/rc2.d/S90redisctl && ln -s /etc/init.d/redisctl /etc/rc.d/rc3.d/S90redisctl 
&& ln -s /etc/init.d/redisctl /etc/rc.d/rc4.d/S90redisctl && ln -s /etc/init.d/mongod /etc/rc.d/rc5.d/S90redisctl
chkconfig --add redisctl

(5) 重新启动后可以测试redis-server是否正常启动

```redis-cli set foo Bar
redis-cli get foo

Redis自动启动脚本

```ruby
#!/bin/sh
#
# redis - this script starts and stops the redis-server daemon
#
# chkconfig: 2345 90 10 
# description: Redis is a persistent key-value database
# processname: redis-server
# config: /etc/redis.conf
# config: /etc/sysconfig/redis
# pidfile: /var/run/redis.pid
 
# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
 
# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network
 
# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0
 
redis="/usr/local/bin/redis-server"
prog=$(basename $redis)
 
REDIS_CONF_FILE="/etc/redis.conf"
 
[ -f /etc/sysconfig/redis ] && . /etc/sysconfig/redis
 
lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/redis
 
start() {
 [ -x $redis ] || exit 5
 [ -f $REDIS_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
 echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
 daemon $redis $REDIS_CONF_FILE
 retval=$?
 echo
 [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
 return $retval
}
 
stop() {
 echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
 killproc $prog -QUIT
 retval=$?
 echo
 [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
 return $retval
}
 
restart() {
 stop
 start
}
 
reload() {
 echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
 killproc $redis -HUP
 RETVAL=$?
 echo
}
 
force_reload() {
 restart
}
 
rh_status() {
 status $prog
}
 
rh_status_q() {
 rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}
 
case "$1" in
 start)
 rh_status_q && exit 0
 $1
 ;;
 stop)
 rh_status_q || exit 0
 $1
 ;;
 restart|configtest)
 $1
 retval=$?
 echo
 [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
 return $retval
}
 
restart() {
 stop
 start
}
 
reload() {
 echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
 killproc $redis -HUP
 RETVAL=$?
 echo
}
 
force_reload() {
 restart
}
 
rh_status() {
 status $prog
}
 
rh_status_q() {
 rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}
 
case "$1" in
 start)
 rh_status_q && exit 0
 $1
 ;;
 stop)
 rh_status_q || exit 0
 $1
 ;;
 restart|configtest)
 $1
 retval=$?
 echo
 [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
 return $retval
}
 
restart() {
 stop
 start
}
 
reload() {
 echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
 killproc $redis -HUP
 RETVAL=$?
 echo
}
 
force_reload() {
 restart
}
 
rh_status() {
 status $prog
}
 
rh_status_q() {
 rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}
 
case "$1" in
 start)
 rh_status_q && exit 0
 $1
 ;;
 stop)
 rh_status_q || exit 0
 $1
 ;;
 restart|configtest)
 $1
 ;;
 reload)
 rh_status_q || exit 7
 $1
 ;;
 force-reload)
 force_reload
 ;;
 status)
 rh_status
 ;;
 condrestart|try-restart)
 rh_status_q || exit 0
  ;;
 *)
 echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}"
 exit 2
esac

Redis自动启动脚本

记得修改:

(1) —chuid group:user

(2) ln /etc/init.d/redisctl /etc/rc2.d/redisctl,重复rc3,rc4,rc5

启动脚本:

#! /bin/sh
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:  redis-server
# Required-Start: $syslog
# Required-Stop: $syslog
# Should-Start:  $local_fs
# Should-Stop:  $local_fs
# Default-Start: 2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:  0 1 6
# Short-Description: redis-server - Persistent key-value db
# Description:  redis-server - Persistent key-value db
### END INIT INFO
 
DAEMON=/usr/local/bin/redis-server
DAEMON_ARGS=/etc/redis.conf
NAME=redis-server
DESC=redis-server
PIDFILE=/var/run/redis.pid
test -x $DAEMON || exit 0
test -x $DAEMONBOOTSTRAP || exit 0
set -e
case "$1" in
 start)
 echo -n "Starting $DESC: "
 touch $PIDFILE
 # chown redis:redis $PIDFILE
 if start-stop-daemon —start —quiet —umask 007 —pidfile $PIDFILE —chuid redis:redis —exec $DAEMON — $DAEMON_ARGS
 then
  echo "$NAME."
 else
  echo "failed"
 fi
 ;;
 stop)
 echo -n "Stopping $DESC: "
 if start-stop-daemon —stop —retry 10 —quiet —oknodo —pidfile $PIDFILE —exec $DAEMON
 then
  echo "$NAME."
 else
  echo "failed"
 fi
 rm -f $PIDFILE
 ;;
 restart|force-reload)
 ${0} stop
 ${0} start
 ;;
 *)
 echo "Usage: /etc/init.d/$NAME {start|stop|restart|force-reload}" >&2
 exit 1
 ;;
esac
exit 0

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