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Python可跨平台实现获取按键的方法

PHP admin 1年前 (2018-05-31) 11次浏览 未收录 0个评论
本文实例讲述了Python可跨平台实现获取按键的方法。分享给大家供大家参考。具体如下:

复制代码 代码如下:

class _Getch:
“””Gets a single character from standard input. Does not echo to the screen.”””
def __init__(self):
try:
self.impl = _GetchWindows()
except ImportError:
try:
self.impl = _GetchMacCarbon()
except AttributeError:
self.impl = _GetchUnix()
def __call__(self): return self.impl()
class _GetchUnix:
def __init__(self):
import tty, sys, termios # import termios now or else you’ll get the Unix version on the Mac
def __call__(self):
import sys, tty, termios
fd = sys.stdin.fileno()
old_settings = termios.tcgetattr(fd)
try:
tty.setraw(sys.stdin.fileno())
ch = sys.stdin.read(1)
finally:
termios.tcsetattr(fd, termios.TCSADRAIN, old_settings)
return ch
class _GetchWindows:
def __init__(self):
import msvcrt
def __call__(self):
import msvcrt
return msvcrt.getch()
class _GetchMacCarbon:
“””
A function which returns the current ASCII key that is down;
if no ASCII key is down, the null string is returned. The
page http://www.mactech.com/macintosh-c/chap02-1.html was
very helpful in figuring out how to do this.
“””
def __init__(self):
import Carbon
Carbon.Evt #see if it has this (in Unix, it doesn’t)
def __call__(self):
import Carbon
if Carbon.Evt.EventAvail(0x0008)[0]==0: # 0x0008 is the keyDownMask
return ”
else:
#
# The event contains the following info:
# (what,msg,when,where,mod)=Carbon.Evt.GetNextEvent(0x0008)[1]
#
# The message (msg) contains the ASCII char which is
# extracted with the 0x000000FF charCodeMask; this
# number is converted to an ASCII character with chr() and
# returned
#
(what,msg,when,where,mod)=Carbon.Evt.GetNextEvent(0x0008)[1]
return chr(msg & 0x000000FF)
if __name__ == ‘__main__’: # a little test
print ‘Press a key’
inkey = _Getch()
import sys
for i in xrange(sys.maxint):
k=inkey()
if k”:break
print ‘you pressed ‘,k

希望本文所述对大家的Python程序设计有所帮助。


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