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python解析xml文件操作实例

PHP admin 1年前 (2018-05-31) 9次浏览 未收录 0个评论
本文实例讲述了python解析xml文件操作的实现方法。分享给大家供大家参考。具体方法如下:

xml文件内容如下:

 
 
 
   
    sample xml thing 
   
   
     
       
        ma 
       
       
        xiaoju 
       
     
     
      Springs Widgets, Inc. 
     
   
   
     
      First 
     
     
      I think widgets are greate.You should buy lots of them forom 
       
        Spirngy Widgts, Inc 
       
     
   
 

python代码:

from xml.dom import minidom, Node 
import re, textwrap 
 
class SampleScanner: 
  """""" 
 
  def __init__(self, doc): 
    """Constructor""" 
    assert(isinstance(doc, minidom.Document)) 
    for child in doc.childNodes: 
      if child.nodeType == Node.ELEMENT_NODE and  
        child.tagName == "book": 
        self.handle_book(child) 
         
  def handle_book(self, node): 
     
    for child in node.childNodes: 
      if child.nodeType != Node.ELEMENT_NODE: 
        continue 
      if child.tagName == "title": 
        print "Book titile is:", self.gettext(child.childNodes) 
      if child.tagName == "author": 
        self.handle_author(child) 
      if child.tagName == "chapter": 
        self.handle_chapter(child) 
         
  def handle_chapter(self, node): 
    number = node.getAttribute("number") 
    print "number:", number 
    title_node = node.getElementsByTagName("title") 
    print "title:", self.gettext(title_node) 
     
    for child in node.childNodes: 
      if child.nodeType != Node.ELEMENT_NODE: 
        continue 
      if child.tagName == "para": 
        self.handle_chapter_para(child) 
         
  def handle_chapter_para(self, node): 
    company = "" 
    company = self.gettext(node.getElementsByTagName("company")) 
    print "chapter:para:company", company 
     
         
  def handle_author(self, node): 
    for child in node.childNodes: 
      if child.nodeType != Node.ELEMENT_NODE: 
        continue 
      if child.tagName == "name": 
        self.handle_author_name(child) 
      if child.tagName == "affiliation": 
        print "affiliation:", self.gettext(child.childNodes) 
         
  def handle_author_name(self, node): 
    first = "" 
    last = "" 
    for child in node.childNodes: 
      if child.nodeType != Node.ELEMENT_NODE: 
        continue 
      if child.tagName == "first": 
        first = self.gettext(child.childNodes) 
      if child.tagName == 'last': 
        last = self.gettext(child.childNodes) 
         
    print "firstname:%s,lastname:%s" % (first, last) 
     
         
  def gettext(self, nodelist): 
    retlist = [] 
    for node in nodelist: 
      if node.nodeType == Node.TEXT_NODE: 
        retlist.append(node.wholeText) 
      elif node.hasChildNodes: 
        retlist.append(self.gettext(node.childNodes)) 
         
    return re.sub('s+', " ", ''.join(retlist)) 
   
         
if __name__=="__main__": 
  doc = minidom.parse("simple.xml") 
  sample = SampleScanner(doc) 

希望本文所述对大家的Python程序设计有所帮助。


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