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Ubuntu 14.04+Django 1.7.1+Nginx+uwsgi部署教程

PHP admin 11个月前 (05-31) 12次浏览 0个评论
具体环境:
Ubuntu 14.04 Python 2.7.6 Django 1.7.1 Virtualenv name:test Nginx uwsgi

假设 项目文件夹位于 /data/www/ts 设置保存在 ./conf

复制代码 代码如下:

virtualenv name = test
domain name = example.com

django+uwsgi的部署实在是太蛋疼了..网上已有的教程似乎有新版本的兼容问题。最后跑到uwsgi官网上找的教程终于跑通了..
不过官网的教程似乎有引导教学性质,部署的时候就显得很绕弯路,在这里记录下来精简内容

http://uwsgi-docs.readthedocs.org/en/latest/tutorials/Django_and_nginx.html

首先,需要一个uwsgi_params文件,放在项目的conf文件夹里面。之后需要指向它。文件内容如下:

复制代码 代码如下:

uwsgi_param QUERY_STRING $query_string;
uwsgi_param REQUEST_METHOD $request_method;
uwsgi_param CONTENT_TYPE $content_type;
uwsgi_param CONTENT_LENGTH $content_length;
uwsgi_param REQUEST_URI $request_uri;
uwsgi_param PATH_INFO $document_uri;
uwsgi_param DOCUMENT_ROOT $document_root;
uwsgi_param SERVER_PROTOCOL $server_protocol;
uwsgi_param HTTPS $https if_not_empty;
uwsgi_param REMOTE_ADDR $remote_addr;
uwsgi_param REMOTE_PORT $remote_port;
uwsgi_param SERVER_PORT $server_port;
uwsgi_param SERVER_NAME $server_name;

创建一个叫做ts_nginx.conf 的文件,内容如下

复制代码 代码如下:

# ts_nginx.conf

# the upstream component nginx needs to connect to
upstream django {
# server unix:///path/to/your/mysite/mysite.sock; # for a file socket
server 127.0.0.1:8001; # for a web port socket (we’ll use this first)
}

# configuration of the server
server {
# the port your site will be served on
listen 80;
# the domain name it will serve for
server_name .example.com; # substitute your machine’s IP address or FQDN
charset utf-8;

# max upload size
client_max_body_size 75M; # adjust to taste

# Django media
location /media {
alias /data/www/ts/media; # your Django project’s media files – amend as required
}

location /static {
alias /data/www/ts/static; # your Django project’s static files – amend as required
}

# Finally, send all non-media requests to the Django server.
location / {
uwsgi_pass django;
include /data/www/ts/conf/uwsgi_params; # the uwsgi_params file you installed
}
}

把这个conf文件连接到nginx的搜索目录里面。

复制代码 代码如下:

sudo ln -s /data/www/ts/conf/ts_nginx.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

先决条件:这里要设置好django项目的settings里面static files

复制代码 代码如下:

STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, “static/”)
and then run

python manage.py collectstatic

之后:

复制代码 代码如下:

service nginx restart

应该就可以看到
http://example.cn:8000/media/1.gif
了(事先放进去一个静态文件)

之后的blabla步骤都是废话,跳到这里:

复制代码 代码如下:

Configuring uWSGI to run with a .ini file

ts_uwsgi.ini 在项目根目录

复制代码 代码如下:

[uwsgi]
# Django-related settings
# the base directory (full path)
chdir = /data/www/ts
# Django’s wsgi file
module = ts.wsgi
# the virtualenv (full path)
home = /root/.envs/test
# process-related settings
# master
master = true
# maximum number of worker processes
processes = 10
# the socket (use the full path to be safe
socket = 127.0.0.1:8001
# … with appropriate permissions – may be needed
# chmod-socket = 664
# clear environment on exit
vacuum = true
# set an environment variable
env = DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=conf.settings
uwsgi –ini mysite_uwsgi.ini # the –ini option is used to specify a file

这里环境变量设置env需要conf文件夹有init.py,否则conf不会被认为是module

(目前除了80端口,其他端口都可以通过地址:端口访问。已经测试8000,81.80测试不知道为什么不成。明天待续)


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